Egypt history is one of the oldest and evocative of any country in the world. A cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt was the epicenter of writing, agriculture, urbanization and organized religion back to 5000 years. Most of the Country’s ancient treasures were built during the time of Pharaohs, Iconic Pyramid of Gaza, Lutos-columned temples of Luxor and Karnak, Aswan and the temples of Abu Simel: strung along the Nile, these monuments represent the enduring legacy of one of the most fabled periods of human history. Egypt’s rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European. Epicenter of Christianity in early centuries, Egypt was Islamized in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority.
Egypt offers two countries in one the first is the Egypt of Cairo and the Nile of bustling medieval bazaars, Sphinx, river cruises and Agatha-Christie-era exoticism. The second and just as integral to many visitors is the Egypt of the Red Sea where a rocky desert beauty above the waterline offers a lot to sun seeker and scuba drivers. Today, the most popular places to visit are not only the monuments of the Nile Valley and the souks, mosques and madrassas of Islamic Cairo, but also fantastic coral reefs and tropical fish, dunes, ancient fortresses, monasteries and prehistoric rock art.