Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a federal republic in the southern portion of South America. Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the second largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking one. The country is subdivided into twenty-three provinces  and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation.

Benefiting from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, a diversified industrial base, and an export-oriented agricultural sector, the economy of Argentina is Latin America’s third-largest, and the second largest in South America. It has a very high rating on the Human Development Index and a relatively high GDP per capita, with a considerable internal market size and a growing share of the high-tech sector.

Tourism in Argentina is characterized by its cultural offerings and its ample and varied natural assets. The country had 5.57 million visitors in 2013, ranking in terms of the international tourist arrivals as the top destination in South America, and second in Latin America after Mexico. The country’s capital city, Buenos Aires, is the most visited city in South America. There are 30 National Parks of Argentina including many World Heritage Sites in Argentina.


Basic Information

Capital: Buenos Aires
President: Mauricio Macri
Deputy President: Gabriela Michetti


Peso ($) (ARS)


Argentina is located in southern South America, sharing land borders with Chile across the Andes to the west; Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; and the Drake Passage to the south.


Argentina’s official language is Spanish.There are also many other languages spoken in Argentina, including Italian, German, English and French.


The climate in Argentina is very varied. Buenos Aires and the Pampas have a temperate climate; it’s pretty cold in winter, hot and humid in summer. The deserts of Cuyo, which can reach temperatures of 50 degrees celsius (122° Fahrenheit), are extremely hot and dry in the summer and moderately cold and dry in winter. The Andes are cool in the summer and very cold in the winter, varying according to altitude.

Major Religions

About 76.5% of Argentines are Roman Catholic, 11.3% religiously indifferent, 9% Protestant (with 7.9% in Pentecostal denominations), 1.2% Jehovah’s Witnesses, and 0.9% Mormons.

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