Azerbaijan, the nation and former Soviet republic, is bounded by the Caspian Sea and Caucasus Mountains, which span Asia and Europe. Popularly known as ‘Land of fire’ Azerbaijan is a tangle of contradictions and contrasts. Neither Europe nor Asia Azerbaijan sashays between space age cityscapes and exotic Arabian nights. Its capital, Baku, situated on oil rich Caspian Sea listed as ancient core with dazzling 21st century architecture. Baku is famed for its medieval walled Inner City. Within the Inner City lies the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, a royal retreat dating to the 15th century, and the centuries-old stone Maiden Tower, which dominates the city skyline. Azerbaijan boasts natural wonders – from snow-capped mountains and bubbling mud volcanoes to sandy deserts and subtropical forests. In Azerbaijan you’ll find a remarkable seam of hospitality.

Basic Information

Official Name: Republic of Azerbaijan
Capital City: Baku
Time Zones: GMT+4


The Azerbaijani manat is the currency of Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani manat is subdivided into 100 gopik.


Azerbaijan is bordered by the Russian Federation, Georgia, Iran and Armenia. Azerbaijan also includes the enclave of Nakhchivan, which is located between Turkey, Iran and Armenia.


Although there are several languages native to the territory, Azerbaijani is the official language and the medium of communication of the Republic of Azerbaijan.


The climate of Azerbaijan can be described as continental influenced climate with warm summer and very cold, dry winters. It can be divided in three different climate zones; one north of the mountainous regions, one south of them, and along the coast of the Caspian sea. The best time to visit Azerbaijan is during spring (March-June) when the weather is warm and the foliage is in full bloom. The summer months (July-September) can be aggressively hot and humid, particularly in the capital Baku, but they are also the best months to go for hiking in the mountain.

Major Religions

Islam is the main religion of Azerbaijan. 99.2 percents of the country’s population are Muslims.

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