Azerbaijan, the nation and former Soviet republic, is bounded by the Caspian Sea and Caucasus Mountains, which span Asia and Europe. Popularly known as ‘Land of fire’ Azerbaijan is a tangle of contradictions and contrasts. Neither Europe nor Asia Azerbaijan sashays between space age cityscapes and exotic Arabian nights. Its capital, Baku, situated on oil rich Caspian Sea listed as ancient core with dazzling 21st century architecture. Baku is famed for its medieval walled Inner City. Within the Inner City lies the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, a royal retreat dating to the 15th century, and the centuries-old stone Maiden Tower, which dominates the city skyline. Azerbaijan boasts natural wonders – from snow-capped mountains and bubbling mud volcanoes to sandy deserts and subtropical forests. In Azerbaijan you’ll find a remarkable seam of hospitality.