Hungary; Hungarian: Magyarország is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe. It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometers (35,920 sq mi), situated in the Carpathian Basin. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. Hungary’s capital and its largest city and metropolis is Budapest, a significant economic hub, classified as a leading global city. Major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.
In the 21st century, Hungary is a middle power and has the world’s 57th largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the 58th largest by PPP, out of 191 countries measured by IMF. As a substantial actor in several industrial and technological sectors, it is the world’s 35th largest exporter and 34th largest importer of goods. Hungary is an OECD high-income economy with a very high standard of living. It keeps up a social security and universal health care system, and a tuition-free university education. Hungary performs well in international rankings: it is 20th in quality of life, 24th in Good Country Index, 28th in inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in the Social Progress Index, 33rd in Global Innovation Index and ranks as the 15th safest country in the world.
There is a long history of tourism in Hungary, and Hungary was the world’s thirteenth most visited tourist destination country in 2002. Tourism increased by nearly 7 percent between 2004 and 2005. European visitors comprise more than 98 per cent of Hungary’s tourists. Austria, Germany, and Slovakia make the largest numbers of visitors to the country. Most tourists arrive by car and stay for a short period of time. Hungary’s tourist season is from April through October. July and August are the best tourist months. Budapest is the country’s most popular tourist destination.