Hungary

Hungary; Hungarian: Magyarország is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe. It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometers (35,920 sq mi), situated in the Carpathian Basin. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. Hungary’s capital and its largest city and metropolis is Budapest, a significant economic hub, classified as a leading global city. Major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.

In the 21st century, Hungary is a middle power and has the world’s 57th largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the 58th largest by PPP, out of 191 countries measured by IMF. As a substantial actor in several industrial and technological sectors, it is the world’s 35th largest exporter and 34th largest importer of goods. Hungary is an OECD high-income economy with a very high standard of living. It keeps up a social security and universal health care system, and a tuition-free university education. Hungary performs well in international rankings: it is 20th in quality of life, 24th in Good Country Index, 28th in inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in the Social Progress Index, 33rd in Global Innovation Index and ranks as the 15th safest country in the world.

There is a long history of tourism in Hungary, and Hungary was the world’s thirteenth most visited tourist destination country in 2002. Tourism increased by nearly 7 percent between 2004 and 2005. European visitors comprise more than 98 per cent of Hungary’s tourists. Austria, Germany, and Slovakia make the largest numbers of visitors to the country. Most tourists arrive by car and stay for a short period of time. Hungary’s tourist season is from April through October. July and August are the best tourist months. Budapest is the country’s most popular tourist destination.

Basic Information

Capital: Budapest
Prime Minister: Viktor Orban
President: Janos Ader

Currency

Fornit (HUF)

Boundaries

Hungry is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west, Austria to the northwest, and Ukraine to the northeast.

Languages

The Official & national language of Hungary is Hungarian

Climate

Hungary has a continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rain showers and cold snowy winters. Average annual temperature is 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). Average high temperature in the summer is 23 to 28 °C (73 to 82 °F) and average low temperature in the winter is −3 to −7 °C (27 to 19 °F).

Major Religions

38.9% of Hungarians are Catholics (both Greek and Roman), 13.8% are Protestants (11.6% were Calvinists, 2.2% were Lutherans), around 2% followed other religions, 16.7% are non-religious and 1.5% are atheists.

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