Italy

Italy is a country where history, art, fashion, food and la dolce intermingled so effortlessly. There are sunny island and electric blue surf, glacial lakes and scorching volcanoes, rolling vineyards and urban landscapes harbouring most UNESCO heritage site more than any other on earth.

Epicentre of the Roman Empire and birthplace of the Renaissance, this sun-kissed dazzling cultural cachets draw visitors to them like a moth to a flame. Many of the old clichés still ring true; once you’ve visited, you may never want to travel anywhere else. Look around at all the splendid palaces, paintings, churches and monuments. This country is an endless feast of experiences. From nibbling on Knodel in an Alto Adige chalet to exploring souk-like market streets in Sicily, the country is incomparable.  

Ask an Italian where in the world they would most like to live, and the odds are that they will say “right here”. Indeed, most people – not just Italians – have raved about Italy since tourism began, and the country really does have it all: one of the most diverse and beautiful landscapes in Europe; the world’s greatest artistic treasures, the warmth of the Mediterranean, breath-taking landscapes, extraordinary variety of flavors. Its geography makes it masterpieces of Mother Nature, offers an extraordinary natural diversity. From the northern icy Alps and glacial lakes to the southern volcanic craters and the turquoise caverns, this is a place to do and see.

Basic Information

Official Name: Italian Republic
Capital City: Rome

Currency

The Italian currency unit is Euro

Boundaries

Italy is a boot-shaped country situated in southern Europe. Jutting out into the Mediterranean Sea, it shares borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia in the mountainous north, which contains some of the highest peaks in Europe.

Languages

Italy’s official language is Italian

Climate

The climate of Italy is highly diverse. With its hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters, Italy experiences a mediterranean climate. Sometimes cold air from northern Europe can spread south into Italy, bring snow to most mountains, while the coasts are kept warm by the high sea temperatures.
Average winter temperatures vary from 0 °C (32 °F) on the Alps to 12 °C (54 °F) in Sicily, like so the average summer temperatures range from 20 °C (68 °F) to over 25 °C

Major Religions

Roman Catholicism is, by far, the largest religion in the country, although Catholicism is no longer officially the state religion. According to 2010 survey, the proportion of Italians that identify themselves as Roman Catholic was 81.2%

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